Charge Dynamics in Solution-Processed Nanocrystalline CuInS2 Solar Cells

  • Halpert J
  • Morgenstern F
  • Ehrler B
 et al. 
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We investigate charge dynamics in solar cells constructed using solution-processed layers of CuInS2 (CIS) nanocrystals (NCs) as the electron donor and CdS as the electron acceptor. By using time-resolved spectroscopic techniques, we are able to observe photoinduced absorptions that we attribute to the mobile hole carriers in the NC film. In combination with transient photocurrent and photovoltage measurements we monitor charge dynamics on timescales from 300 fs - 1 ms. Carrier dynamics are investigated for devices with CIS layers composed of either colloidally synthesized 1,3-benzenedithiol-capped nanocrystals or in-situ sol-gel synthesized thin films as the active layer. We find that deep trapping of holes in the colloidal NC cells is responsible for decreases in the open-circuit voltage and fill factor as compared to the sol-gel synthesized CIS/CdS cell.

Author-supplied keywords

  • been driven by the
  • charge transfer
  • cis
  • crystal
  • cupric chalcogenides
  • ecent progress in the
  • fi eld of nano-
  • has
  • nanocrystals
  • nc
  • need for solvent-
  • photovoltaics
  • pvs
  • quantum dot
  • transient absorption
  • trapping

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  • Jonathan E Halpert

  • Frederik S F Morgenstern

  • Bruno Ehrler

  • Yana Vaynzof

  • Dan Credgington

  • Neil C Greenham

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