Skip to content
Journal article

Does chess need intelligence? - A study with young chess players

Bilalić M, McLeod P, Gobet F ...see all

Intelligence, vol. 35, issue 5 (2007) pp. 457-470

  • 71

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 43

    Citations

    Citations of this article.
  • 5.8k

    Views

    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference

Abstract

Although it is widely acknowledged that chess is the best example of an intellectual activity among games, evidence showing the association between any kind of intellectual ability and chess skill has been remarkably sparse. One of the reasons is that most of the studies investigated only one factor (e.g., intelligence), neglecting other factors relevant for the acquisition of chess skill (e.g., amount of practice, years of experience). The present study investigated the chess skill of 57 young chess players using measures of intelligence (WISC III), practice, and experience. Although practice had the most influence on chess skill, intelligence explained some variance even after the inclusion of practice. When an elite subsample of 23 children was tested, it turned out that intelligence was not a significant factor in chess skill, and that, if anything, it tended to correlate negatively with chess skill. This unexpected result is explained by a negative correlation between intelligence and practice in the elite subsample. The study demonstrates the dangers of focusing on a single factor in complex real-world situations where a number of closely interconnected factors operate. ?? 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Chess
  • Children
  • Intelligence
  • Memory span
  • Practice
  • Speed of processing
  • Verbal ability
  • Visuo-spatial ability

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below