MacIntyre et al.’s (1998) heuristic model of willingness to communicate (WTC) is based on researchprincipally conducted in the western world. The goal of this paper is to amend the WTC model so as to re?ect more closely the situation found in English language Chinese classrooms. We try to extend MacIntyre et al.’s model in two ways: by changing some structural relationships between constructs included in the model and by reinterpreting some of the variables from a Chinese perspective. An examination of the basic concept of Confucianismand the teaching of Confucian Classics reveals that cultural values are the dominant force shaping the individual’s perception and way of learning, which is manifested in L2 communication. We give an account of the linguistic, communicative and social psychological variables that might affect students’ willingness to communicate in a Chinese setting. Potential relations between these variables and Chinese cultural values are exemplifed.
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