Classification of Personality Traits

  • Buss A
  • Finn S
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In this article, empirical and conceptual classifications of personality traits are reviewed and discussed. A new classification is proposed that uses three sets of crosscutting variables: instrumental, affective, and cognitive; social versus nonsocial; and self versus nonself. The resulting table reveals which traits are most frequently studied and which need more attention. The patterning of traits that show sex differences suggests their origin. Adult traits are classified as well as those occurring in childhood and infancy, and implications are drawn for personality development. In addition to content traits, stylistic traits are classified. Compared to extant organizations of traits, this one is more detailed and more closely linked to variables outside the classification. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)

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  • Arnold H. Buss

  • Stephen E. Finn

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