Clinical review: update of avian influenza A infections in humans

  • Sandrock C
  • Kelly T
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Abstract

Influenza A viruses have a wide host range for infection, from wild waterfowl to poultry to humans. Recently, the cross-species transmission of avian influenza A, particularly subtype H5N1, has highlighted the importance of the non-human subtypes and their incidence in the human population has increased over the past decade. During cross-species transmission, human disease can range from the asymptomatic to mild conjunctivitis to fulminant pneumonia and death. With these cases, however, the risk for genetic change and development of a novel virus increases, heightening the need for public health and hospital measures. This review discusses the epidemiology, host range, human disease, outcome, treatment, and prevention of cross-transmission of avian influenza A into humans

Author-supplied keywords

  • ARTICLE
  • Animals
  • California
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Death
  • Disease
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Disease Transmission,Infectious
  • Health
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Human
  • Humans
  • INFECTIONS
  • Incidence
  • Infection
  • Influenza
  • Influenza A Virus,H5N1 Subtype
  • Influenza A Virus,H7N7 Subtype
  • Influenza A virus
  • Influenza in Birds
  • Influenza,Human
  • PREVENTION
  • Pneumonia
  • Population
  • Poultry
  • Public Health
  • Risk
  • UPDATE
  • Universities
  • Viruses
  • World Health
  • Zoonoses
  • classification
  • development
  • diagnosis
  • epidemiology
  • metabolism
  • prevention & control
  • review
  • therapy
  • transmission
  • treatment
  • veterinary
  • virology

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Authors

  • C Sandrock

  • T Kelly

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