Clinical value of mitochondrial mutations in colorectal cancer

  • Lièvre A
  • Chapusot C
  • Bouvier A
 et al. 
  • 9


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 107


    Citations of this article.


PURPOSE: Prognostic factors that could select high-risk recurrence colorectal cancer patients and predict chemosensitivity are needed. Since mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been described in different types of cancers and since they may play a role in response to anticancer agents, we investigated in a population-based series of colorectal cancer patients the clinical value of mtDNA mutations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The displacement loop (D-loop) region of mtDNA was sequenced on a series of 365 patients recorded in the Digestive Cancer Registry of Côte-d'Or (France) between 1998 and 2000. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated to the presence of a D-loop mutation. Survival rates were compared with the log-rank test. A multivariate survival analysis was performed. RESULTS: D-loop mutations were found in 38.3% of the tumors. The 3-year survival rate was 53.5% in patients with D-loop mutation versus 62.1% in patients without (P = .05). After adjustment for age, stage, and microsatellite instability status, the relative risk of death in patients with D-loop mutation was 1.40 (95% CI, 1.02 to 1.93; P = .034) as compared with those without. In stage III colon cancers, adjuvant chemotherapy was beneficial only for patients without D-loop mutation (3-year survival, 78.3% v 45.4%, P < .02). In those with D-loop mutation who received adjuvant chemotherapy, the relative risk of death was 4.30 (95% CI, 1.23 to 15.00; P < .02). CONCLUSION: The D-loop region is a hotspot for somatic mutations in colorectal tumors. Moreover, presence of tumor D-loop mutation appears to be a factor of poor prognosis in colorectal patients and a factor of resistance to fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy in stage III colon cancers.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Astrid Lièvre

  • Caroline Chapusot

  • Anne Marie Bouvier

  • Franck Zinzindohoué

  • Françoise Piard

  • Patrick Roignot

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free