To solve more complex manufacturing problems and perform larger-scale collaborative manufacturing, the impediments to practical application and development of Networked Manufacturing (NM) were analyzed. Technologies, such as cloud computing, cloud security, high performance computing, Internet of things which were used to solve the mentioned impediments, were briefly described. Based on it, a new service-oriented networked manufacturing model called Cloud Manufacturing (CMfg) was put forward. Then, the concept of CMfg was defined. And differences among CMfg, application service provider and manufacturing grid were discussed. CMfg architecture was also proposed, key technologies for implementing CMfg were studied and preliminary research results were introduced. Finally, an application prototype of CMfg, i.e., COSIM-SCP, was presented.
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