Coffee intake and incidence of hypertension

  • Uiterwaal C
  • Verschuren W
  • Bueno-de-Mesquita H
 et al. 
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Abstract

Background: The long-term longitudinal evidence for a relation between coffee intake and hypertension is relatively scarce. Objective: The objective was to assess whether coffee intake is associated with the incidence of hypertension. Design: This study was conducted on a cohort of 2985 men and 3383 women who had a baseline visit and follow-up visits after 6 and 11 y. Baseline coffee intake was ascertained with questionnaires and categorized into 0, >0-3, >3-6, and >6 cups/d. Hypertension was defined as a mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) [≥]140 mm Hg over both follow-up measurements, a mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) [≥]90 mm Hg over both follow-up measurements, or the use of antihypertensive medication at any follow-up measurement. Results: Coffee abstainers at baseline had a lower risk of hypertension than did those with a coffee intake of >0-3 cups/d [odds ratio (OR): 0.54; 95% CI: 0.31, 0.92]. Women who drank >6 cups/d had a lower risk than did women who drank >0-3 cups/d (OR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.46, 0.98). Subjects aged [≥]39 y at baseline had 0.35 mm Hg (95% CI: -0.59, -0.11 mm Hg) lower SBP per cup intake/d and 0.11 mm Hg lower DBP (95% CI: -0.26, 0.03 mm Hg) than did those aged

Author-supplied keywords

  • Coffee
  • Cohort study
  • Hypertension

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Authors

  • Cuno S.P.M. Uiterwaal

  • W. M.Monique Verschuren

  • H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita

  • Marga Ocké

  • Johanna M. Geleijnse

  • Hendriek C. Boshuizen

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