Cognitive functions in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS)

  • Pinton F
  • Ducot A
  • Motte J
 et al. 
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Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is regarded
as a benign form of epilepsy because of its usually favorable outcome,
in terms of seizures. Eighteen children with BECTS were studied in terms
of neuropsychological and learning abilities: intellectual quotient,
oral language (phonological production, naming skills, verbal fluency
and syntactic comprehension), drawing and visuo-spatial skills, visual
and selective attention, verbal and visuo-spatial memory, reading,
numeracy and spelling. The mean IQ of the population was within the
normal range, but individual results were heterogeneous. Verbal
functions and memory were normal. In contrast, drawing and visuo-spatial
skills, attention and visuo-spatial memory were significantly weak
compared to the normal range for age. Reading, numeracy and/or spelling
ability were significantly delayed by one academic year or more in ten
of the children. In conclusion, despite its benign outcome in terms of
epilepsy, BECTS can be accompanied by specific cognitive disorders and
low academic achievement.

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  • F Pinton

  • A Ducot

  • J Motte

  • A S Arbues

  • C Barondiot

  • M A Barthez

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