Combination antiretroviral therapy and the risk of myocardial infarction

  • Friis-Moller N
  • Sabin C
  • Weber R
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether exposure to combination antiretroviral treatment increases the risk of myocardial infarction. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we enrolled 23,468 patients from 11 previously established cohorts from December 1999 to April 2001 and collected follow-up data until February 2002. Data were collected on infection with the human immunodeficiency virus and on risk factors for and the incidence of myocardial infarction. Relative rates were calculated with Poisson regression models. Combination antiretroviral therapy was defined as any combination regimen of antiretroviral drugs that included a protease inhibitor or a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. RESULTS: Over a period of 36,199 person-years, 126 patients had a myocardial infarction. The incidence of myocardial infarction increased with longer exposure to combination antiretroviral therapy (adjusted relative rate per year of exposure, 1.26 [95 percent confidence interval, 1.12 to 1.41]; P

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Hiv-1
  • Adult
  • Anti-Retroviral Agents/*adverse effects/therapeuti
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Combination
  • Drug Therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • HIV Infections/*complications/drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction/*chemically induced/epidemio
  • Non-U.S. Gov't
  • P.H.S.
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Prospective Studies
  • Regression Analysis
  • Research Support
  • Risk Factors
  • U.S. Gov't

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  • N Friis-Moller

  • C A Sabin

  • R Weber

  • A d'Arminio Monforte

  • W M El-Sadr

  • P Reiss

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