The total synthesis of (-)-colombiasin A (2) and (-)-elisapterosin B (3) has been achieved. The key step is a C-H functionalization process, the combined C-H activation/Cope rearrangement, between methyl (E)-2-diazo-3-pentenoate and 1-methyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalenes. When the reaction is catalyzed by dirhodium tetrakis((R)-(N-dodecylbenzenesulfonyl)prolinate), Rh(2)(R-DOSP)(4), an enantiomer differentiation step occurs where one enantiomer of the dihydronaphthalene undergoes the combined C-H activation/Cope rearrangement while the other undergoes cyclopropanation. This sequence controls the three key stereocenters in the natural products such that the remainder of the synthesis is feasible using standard chemistry.
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