Commentary: Dermal penetration of bisphenol A-Consequences for risk assessment

  • Gundert-Remy U
  • Mielke H
  • Bernauer U
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Abstract

With this comment we would raise awareness for applying appropriate procedures in route-to-route extrapolation. The paper of Demierre et al. (2012) prompted us to comment on the simple approach for route-to-route extrapolation and to explain some short comings. For the risk assessment of exposures resulting from a non-oral route, route-to-route extrapolation is often done by correcting the non-oral route exposure by the route specific absorption into the systemic circulation and comparing the result with the (oral) threshold value. Making use of this procedure means that an internal dose obtained from the non-oral route is compared with an external dose of the oral route. This procedure would be appropriate only if the absorption on the oral route is 100%. If the absorption on the oral route is less than 100% the procedure may underestimate the risk of the exposure of the non-oral route. For some chemicals with a high first pass metabolism in the liver, e.g. BPA, the situation is even more complex and in addition, the target organ for toxicity has to be taken into consideration. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Dermal absorption
  • First pass metabolism
  • Route-to-route extrapolation

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