The novel biochemical test, the Rapidec Carba NP (RCNP), was evaluated using carbapenemase- and non-carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates. The RCNP test was compared with the Carba NP test (CNP) and the modified Hodge test. Compared to the CNP test, the RCNP test had identical sensitivity (96%) and lower specificity (93% versus 100%). The medium used to culture the isolates significantly affected test sensitivity and specificity. The RCNP test was quicker and easier to perform than the other tests.
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