Comparison of dimensions derived from rating versus coding of dialogue

  • Stiles W
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Abstract

41 college students rated the 20 dyad members in 10 transcripts on 12 7-point adjective scales, selected to represent dimensions measured by (a) W. B. Stiles's (1978) taxonomy of verbal response modes (VRMs) and (b) R. F. Bales's (1970) interaction process analysis (IPA). Multidimensional scaling (MDS) of the ratings yielded 4 dimensions-dominance, friendliness, self-centeredness, and task orientation-which were compared with the VRM coding dimensions-attentiveness, acquiescence, and presumptuousness, and with the IPA coding dimensions-up-down, positive-negative, and forward-backward. Correlations of MDS dimensions with ostensibly similar VRM and IPA dimensions ranged from moderate to negligible. However, other combinations of VRM or IPA dimensions accounted for a large part of the variance on MDS dimensions. Raters thus used the type of information extracted by the coding systems but labeled it differently. Results also suggest that raters reacted to how a person was treated (i.e., the other dyad member's behavior) as much as to the person's own behavior. (30 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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  • dimensions measured by ratings vs codings, dialogue of dyad members, college students

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Authors

  • William B. Stiles

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