OBJECTIVES: To identify the optimal time window for capturing perfusion information from early (11)C-PIB imaging frames (perfusion PIB, (11)C-pPIB) and to compare the performance of (18)F-FDG PET and "dual biomarker" (11)C-PIB PET [(11)C-pPIB and amyloid PIB ((11)C-aPIB)] for classification of AD, MCI and CN subjects.
METHODS: Forty subjects (14 CN, 12 MCI and 14 AD patients) underwent (18)F-FDG and (11)C-PIB PET studies. Pearson correlation between the (18)F-FDG image and sum of early (11)C-PIB frames was maximised to identify the optimal time window for (11)C-pPIB. The classification power of imaging parameters was evaluated with a leave-one-out validation.
RESULTS: A 7-min time window yielded the highest correlation between (18)F-FDG and (11)C-pPIB. (11)C-pPIB and (18)F-FDG images shared a similar radioactive distribution pattern. (18)F-FDG performed better than (11)C-pPIB for the classification of both AD vs. CN and MCI vs. CN. (11)C-pPIB + (11)C-aPIB and (18)F-FDG + (11)C-aPIB yielded the highest classification accuracy for the classification of AD vs. CN, and (18)F-FDG + (11)C-aPIB had the best classification performance for the classification of MCI vs.
CN. CONCLUSION: C-pPIB could serve as a useful biomarker of rCBF for measuring neural activity and improve the diagnostic power of PET for AD in conjunction with (11)C-aPIB. (18)F-FDG and (11)C-PIB dual-tracer PET examination could better detect MCI.
KEY POINTS: • Dual-tracer PET examination provides neurofunctional and neuropathological information for AD diagnosis. • The identified optimal 11C-pPIB time frames had highest correlation with 18F-FDG. • 11C-pPIB images shared a similar radioactive distribution pattern with 18F-FDG images. • 11C-pPIB can provide neurofunctional information. • Dual-tracer PET examination could better detect MCI.
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