A comparison of independent living outcomes following traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury.

  • Harker W
  • Dawson D
  • Boschen K
 et al. 
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This study compares independent living outcomes in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI). Both injuries represent life-altering events that are known to have a negative impact on independent living and are predominantly experienced by members of the same demographic group. However, the types of resultant impairments and disabilities experienced by the two populations differ substantially. The TBI participants were recruited consecutively from Canada's largest tertiary care trauma centre and followed prospectively for four years. The SCI participants were recruited via a mailed survey to members of a provincial branch of the Canadian Paraplegic Association. Independent living outcomes were measured using DeJong and Hughes' (1982) classification system of productivity status, the Reintegration to Normal Living Index, and questions on assistance from environmental supports in the form of wheelchair use and paid/unpaid personal assistance. The TBI group was found to be significantly more productive, have higher levels of satisfaction with their current experience of community integration, and use fewer environmental supports than their SCI counterparts (P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Brain Injuries/rh [Rehabilitation]
  • Efficiency
  • Female
  • Humans
  • IM
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Spinal Cord Injuries/rh [Rehabilitation]
  • Treatment Outcome

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  • W F Harker

  • D R Dawson

  • K A Boschen

  • D T Stuss

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