A comprehensive model of anaerobic bioconversion of complex substrates to biogas

  • Wenzel H
  • Ohlinger K
  • Young T
 et al. 
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Abstract

Municipal grey waste (i.e. the remaining fraction in municipal waste management systems in which putrescibles (biowaste) and other recyclables (paper, metals, glass) are source-segregated) was manually sorted into six main fractions on the basis of composition and also separated by sieving (100 mm mesh size) into two fractions, oversized and undersized, respectively. In practice, in waste management plant the oversized fraction is (or will be) used to produce refuse-derived fuel and the undersized landfilled after biological stabilisation. The methane yields and nitrogen solubilisation of the grey waste and the different fractions (all studied samples were first milled to 5 mm particle samples) were determined in a 237-day methane production batch assay and in a water elution test, respectively. The grey waste was found to contained remnants of putrescibles and also a high amount of other biodegradable waste, including packaging, cartons and cardboard, newsprint, textiles and diapers. These waste fractions comprised 41%-w/w of the grey waste and produced 40-210 m3 methane (total solids (TS))(-1) and less than 0.01 g NH4-N kg TS(added)(-1) except diapers which produced 9.8 g NH4-N kg TS(added)(-1) in the batch assays. In the case of the two sieved fractions and on mass bases, most of the methane originated from the oversized fraction, whereas most of the NH4-N was solublised from the undersized fraction. The first-order kinetic model described rather well the degradation of each grey waste fraction and component, showing the different components to be in the range 0.021-0.058 d(-1), which was around one-sixth of the values reported for the source-segregated putrescible fraction of MSW.

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  • and may be non-representative
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  • but they are not
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  • microbial fuel cell
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  • milling
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  • n-alkylureas
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  • no-till
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  • no.
  • nutrient availabili-
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  • ocks
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  • olive mill solid waste
  • olive mill wastewater
  • omsw
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  • organic
  • organic acids
  • organic matter
  • organic matter fractionation
  • organic matter protection
  • organic urban waste
  • organic wastes
  • organic-reactions
  • ow
  • oxidation
  • oxy
  • oxygen demand
  • ozonation/
  • ozone
  • ozone/
  • ozonization
  • pH
  • packed-bed
  • parameter estimation
  • particle
  • pas de mots cles
  • peel
  • perchlorate-diethyl-ether
  • percolation
  • performance
  • peroxidation
  • persistence of excitation
  • pha
  • phac
  • phen
  • phosphate
  • phospholipid analysis
  • phosphorus
  • phosphorus accumulating organisms
  • physicochemical indicators
  • pig
  • pig manure
  • piggery
  • plug-flow anaerobic digester
  • plus
  • pollution of sludge water
  • polylactic acid (pla)
  • polymer-demand
  • polymerase chain reaction-denaturing
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  • potato
  • potato processing wastewater
  • potato stillage
  • potato tuber
  • poultry
  • poultry mortalities/ anaerobic digestion/ leachbed
  • pre-treatment
  • prefermenter
  • previously employed to
  • process kinetics
  • production-
  • products
  • protein
  • psychrophilic
  • pyridinium and
  • pyridinium compounds substituted with
  • quantitative polymerase chain
  • r
  • reaction
  • reactor
  • reactor performance
  • reactors
  • recycle
  • reducing bacteria- inhibition- sulfide- system
  • refuse landfill leachate
  • remov
  • removal
  • residual
  • residual sludge components
  • resource recycling
  • retardants
  • ruminal disappearance
  • salt
  • salts
  • sampling site may be
  • sand column/ lipolytic microorganisms/ COD/ BOD5/
  • sard 9 demonstrated that
  • second
  • sendal virus
  • sensor-
  • sequencing
  • sequencing batch reactor
  • sequential molecular
  • sewage sludge
  • shf
  • shock loading
  • shock loads
  • short-chain
  • silane
  • simulation
  • size-fractionation
  • slaughterhouse
  • sludge
  • sodium chloride
  • soil drying
  • soil incubation
  • soil structure
  • solid state
  • solid state digestion
  • solid waste- anaerobic digestion- survey- biomass
  • solids
  • solids recovery
  • solvent
  • source-
  • srt
  • ssf
  • stabilization
  • starch waste
  • start-up
  • study
  • substrate
  • sugar yield
  • sugars
  • sulfide
  • sulphide/
  • supercritical fluids
  • surfactant
  • surfactant biodegradation
  • sustainable production
  • swine
  • synt
  • technology-
  • temperature ionic liquids
  • textile industry
  • the
  • the biomass content of
  • the choice of a
  • the kinetics of the
  • the method relies on
  • thermophilic
  • thermophilic and extreme thermophilic
  • tion
  • total
  • toxicity
  • trace organics
  • transesterification
  • treatability
  • trifluoroacetates
  • trifluoroacetic anhydride
  • triglyceride
  • two-phase anaerobic digestion
  • two-phase olive pomace
  • two-phase process
  • two-stage digestion
  • uasff bioreactor
  • uent
  • ultimate methane yield
  • ultrafiltrat
  • ultrafiltration
  • ulva
  • uncertain
  • upflow anaerobic sludge blanket
  • valuable
  • various alkyl side chains
  • vfa
  • virus
  • viruses with biological membranes
  • volatile fatty acid
  • volatile fatty acids
  • was
  • wash-
  • waste
  • waste composition
  • waste treatment
  • waste-
  • waste-water- methanogenic bacteria- methanothrix-s
  • wastes produced from homes
  • wastewater
  • we investigated the primary
  • were readily revealed by
  • wheat
  • white
  • whole grain
  • work-
  • xylan
  • xylose
  • yeast
  • yield
  • æ economy
  • æ sugar beet tops
  • ðdenitri
  • ðmathematical modelling

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Authors

  • Henrik Wenzel

  • K N Ohlinger

  • T M Young

  • E D Schroeder

  • Z H L Abraham

  • D J Lowe

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