Using institutional ethnography (IE), this article explores the social organization of mothers' carework after welfare reform. Carework experiences are shaped by the conditions of low-wage work, welfare policy, and the discourses in which these mothers are embedded. Three discursive frameworks emerge in these women's discussions of the ways they balance carework and paid work: the mothering discourse, the ideological code of the Standard North American Family (SNAF), and a discourse of work enforcement (Piven 2001). Mothers engage these discourses in various ways that recruit them, to varying degrees, into participating in the ruling relations of neoliberalism, which subordinate them.
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