Computer evaluation of left ventricular wall motion by means of shape- based tracking and symbolic description

  • Baroni M
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Abstract

Relevant cardiac pathologies manifest themselves as abnormal movements of left ventricular (LV) myocardial wall. An objective quantification is usually accomplished by computer analysis of temporal sequences of LV contours, as obtained by angiography or echography. However the choice of the reference system for measuring motion is still open to discussion. Simple geometric models cannot deal with the non-uniform myocardial fibre structure, which gives rise to non-rigid movements, asynchronous even in normal subjects. Therefore, a new method, Curvature-Motion (CM), was developed for improving motion assessment. Since LV contour shape and position change smoothly throughout the cardiac cycle, the points of curvature extremes are tracked frame-to-frame and selected by exploiting physiologically-based assumptions; then, the points lying among these landmarks are mapped onto sequential contours, according to local displacements and curvature changes. In this way point-trajectories are allowed to be curvilinear and different in systole and diastole. CM gave no significant differences in estimating the known of computer-generated contours (R=0.88), unlike other methods commonly adopted (R

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cardiac left ventricular motion
  • Contrast ventriculography
  • Nonrigid shape tracking
  • Symbolic motion description

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Authors

  • Maurizio Baroni

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