Conclusions: Bridging Scales and Knowledge Systems

  • Berkes F
  • Reid W
  • Wilbanks T
 et al. 
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Global environmental change is increasingly understood to have causes
and effects that span multiple scales, from the local to the global.
Accurate and informed assessments of what is taking place, and what
to reasonably expect in the future, are therefore critical for decision-makers.
Yet, until recently, international scientific assessments typically
focused more on global phenomena than on processes at subglobal levels,
or on interactions across scales. The MA was conducted as a “multiscale”
assessment, consisting of interlinked assessments undertaken at local,
watershed, national, regional and global scales.

Author-supplied keywords

  • MEA
  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  • biodiversity
  • biosphere
  • climate change
  • earth system
  • ecology
  • ecosystems
  • environment
  • environmental issues
  • global change
  • global environmental issues
  • human impacts
  • modelling
  • policy

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  • Fikret Berkes

  • Walter V. Reid

  • Thomas J. Wilbanks

  • Doris Capistrano

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