Conservation is a response to the extinctions, habitat loss, and ecosystem degradation caused by human population growth and human activities. Thus, people are the reason why conservation is needed. Conservation seeks to benefit people by protecting biodiversity and ecosystem services for current and future generations of humans. Nonetheless, many actions performed in the name of conservation have harmed people and their interests. Displacements of human communities and restrictions on human activities are enacted presumably for the greater good of both nature and humanity. However, the distribution of benefits and harms among different human communities is highly uneven.
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