Continuing and changing group identities: The effects of merging on social identification and ingroup bias

  • Van Leeuwen E
  • Van Knippenberg D
  • Ellemers N
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Abstract

A social identity approach to the investigation of group-based reactions to a merger is outlined, in which a merger is analyzed in terms of the continuation or change of the pre-merger group identity. In two experiments, the relationship between pre-merger identification, post-merger identification, and ingroup bias was investigated using a minimal group paradigm. Results from both studies showed that the perceived continuation of the pre-merger group identity in the post-merger group strengthened the positive relationship between pre-merger identification and identification with the superordinate post-merger group. Moreover, perceived continuation strengthened, rather than reduced, ingroup bias at the subordinate level of the merged groups. Some theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Changing group identity
  • Ingroup bias
  • Merger
  • Social identification

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Authors

  • Esther Van Leeuwen

  • Daan Van Knippenberg

  • Naomi Ellemers

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