Assesses the usefulness of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (CPUCH), drawn up in Paris in 2001. The convention's merit can be seen when compared to a predecessor, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) of 1982, which the author sees as incomplete, ambiguous, and counterproductive. The broad content of the latter regarding duty, jurisdiction, and rights leaves massive loopholes, and its vague logic ultimately puts underwater cultural heritage at risk. The author sees the CPUCH as a possible defense against the weaknesses of UNCLOS; its wording and logic are more precise, and its mandate to strengthen regional cooperation is more determined.
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