Coronary heart disease in South Asian immigrants: synthesis of research and implications for health promotion and prevention in nursing practice.

  • R. M
  • R. Z
  • Mathews R
 et al. 
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Abstract

Although the literature reflects that Asian Indians in the United States and globally have the highest rates of morbidity and mortality because of coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes, few studies have described the clinical implications in the United States. Traditional risk factors dictate practice, yet these risk factors do not fully explain the rates. Central obesity, lipoprotein (a), and insulin resistance may have a strong role. The literature suggests that proactive nursing using culturally specific clinical measures are necessary to reduce risk factors for CHD and diabetes in South Asians. Additional research and prevention strategies focused on immigrant South Asians in the United States are recommended. 2008 Sage Publications.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Asian
  • *Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • *Coronary Disease
  • *Emigrants and Immigrants
  • *Health Promotion/og [Organization & Administratio
  • *Nurse's Role
  • *Nursing Research/og [Organization & Administratio
  • *coronary artery disease/et [Etiology]
  • *coronary artery disease/pc [Prevention]
  • *health promotion
  • *migration
  • *nurse attitude
  • *nursing research
  • Asia
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group/eh [Ethnology]
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group/sn [Statistics &
  • Attitude to Health/eh [Ethnology]
  • Coronary Disease/eh [Ethnology]
  • Coronary Disease/et [Etiology]
  • Coronary Disease/pc [Prevention & Control]
  • Diabetes Mellitus/eh [Ethnology]
  • Emigrants and Immigrants/px [Psychology]
  • Emigrants and Immigrants/sn [Statistics & Numerica
  • Exercise
  • Food Habits
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias/eh [Ethnology]
  • Insulin Resistance/eh [Ethnology]
  • Obesity/eh [Ethnology]
  • Prevalence
  • Primary Health Care
  • Primary Prevention/og [Organization & Administrati
  • Risk Factors
  • Southeast Asia
  • Southeastern/eh [Ethnology]
  • Transcultural Nursing
  • United States/ep [Epidemiology]
  • article
  • attitude to health
  • diabetes mellitus
  • ethnology
  • exercise
  • feeding behavior
  • health behavior
  • human
  • hyperlipidemia
  • insulin resistance
  • obesity
  • organization and management
  • prevalence
  • primary health care
  • primary prevention
  • psychological aspect
  • risk factor
  • statistics
  • transcultural care

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Authors

  • Mathews R.

  • Zachariah R.

  • Rahel Mathews

  • Rachel Zachariah

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