This paper presents structural, magnetization and transport properties measurements carried out on as-deposited Co (400 Å) thin film as well as samples annealed in the temperature range 100-500 °C in steps of 100 °C for 1 h. The samples used in this work were deposited on float glass substrates using ion beam sputtering technique. The magnetization measurements carried out using MOKE technique, clearly indicates that as-deposited as well as annealed samples up to 500 °C show well saturation magnetization with applied magnetic field. The as-deposited sample shows coercivity value (Hc) of 26 Oe, and it is increased to 94 Oe for 500 °C-annealed sample. A minimum coercivity value of 15 Oe is obtained for 200 °C annealed sample. The XRD measurements of as deposited films show microcrystalline nature of Co film, which becomes crystalline with increase in annealing temperature. The corresponding resistivity measurements show gradual decrease in resistivity. AFM technique was employed to study the surface morphology of as deposited film as well as annealed thin films. Observed magnetization, and resistivity behaviour is mainly attributed to the (i) change in crystal structure (ii) increase in grain size and (iii) stress relaxation due to the annealing treatment. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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