In some tissues containing aldose reductase, increased flux through the polyol pathway has been implicated as being causative in diabetic complications (e.g., cataracts, peripheral neuropathy). We have found CP-45,634 (d-6-fluoro-spiro[chroman-4,4′-imidazolidine]-2′,5′-dione) to be a highly potent, structurally novel, uncompetitive inhibitor of calf lens aldose reductase (IC50∼ 5 × 10-7M). In a system in which sorbitol accumulation in isolated rat sciatic nerves was monitored in the presence of high (50 mM) glucose concentrations, CP-45,634 produced inhibition of polyol accumulation at levels as low as 1 × 10-6M. To determine if in vitro activity would translate to in vivo models, sorbitol accumulation in rat sciatic nerves was measured 27 hr after induction of diabetes with streptozotocin. Orally administered CP-45,634 was effective at dose levels as low as 0.25 mg/kg, t.i.d., and at 0.75 mg/kg produced an 85% inhibition of sorbitol accumulation. Two weeks after induction of diabetes by streptozotocin, sorbitol levels in rat lens and the sciatic nerve rose to 21,203 nmole/gm and 1,161 nmole/gm, respectively. Subsequent oral administration of CP-45,634 (2.5 mg/kg, b.i.d.) for 1 wk reduced these levels by 92% in nerves and 90% in lenses. In galactosemic rats, CP-45,634 inhibited the rise in lens galactiol and effectively delayed cataract formation at oral doses as low as 5 mg/kg/day. These high levels of in vivo activity suggest that CP-45,634 has potential for assessing the role of the polyol pathway in diabetic complications. © 1979.
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