A critical analysis of the research on learning to teach: Making the case for an ecological perspective on inquiry.

  • Wideen M
  • Mayer-Smith J
  • Moon B
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Abstract

"93 empirical studies on learning to teach were reviewed in order to establish what is currently known about how people learn to teach and to critique the quality of the reporting of that research. Among other observations concerning teacher education, the review highlights the tensions between the hopes and expectations of teacher educators and the expectations and experiences of beginning teachers. While this review supports the findings of others that many traditional programs of teacher education have little effect upon the firmly held beliefs of the beginning teachers, it also provides examples of successful programs. Such programs typically build upon the beliefs of preservice teachers and feature systematic and consistent long-term support in a collaborative setting. It is concluded that this body of research has advanced the field in significant ways, offering new directions for research and program reform. The critique of the papers themselves reveals that authors need to pay more careful attention to data selection and presentation and to the links made between data and conclusions. The review points to the need for a more self-critical stance on the part of researchers and a more ecological approach to research on learning to teach." A review of 93 empirical studies on learning to teach were reviewed to establish what is currently known about how people learn to teach and to critique the quality of the reporting of that research. Tensions between the hopes and expectations of teacher educators and those of beginning teachers are highlighted. (SLD)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Beginning Teachers
  • Educational Research
  • Expectation
  • Learning
  • Literature Reviews
  • Preservice Teachers
  • Teacher Education
  • Teacher Educators
  • Teaching (Occupation)
  • preservice teacher beliefs

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Authors

  • Marvin Wideen

  • J Mayer-Smith

  • B Moon

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