Critical role of the mesenteric depot versus other intra-abdominal adipose depots in the development of insulin resistance in young rats

  • Catalano K
  • Stefanovski D
  • Bergman R
  • 43

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 35

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Age-associated insulin resistance may be caused by increased visceral adiposity and older animals appear to be more susceptible to obesity-related resistance than young animals. However, it is unclear to what extent the portally drained mesenteric fat depot influences this susceptibility. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Young high-fat-fed and old obese rats were subjected to 0, 2, 4, or 6 weeks of caloric restriction. Insulin sensitivity (S(I)) was assessed by hyperinsulinemic clamp and lean body mass (LBM) and total body fat were assessed by (18)O-water administration. RESULTS Six weeks of caloric restriction caused a similar reduction in body weight in young and old animals (P = 0.748) that was not due to reduced subcutaneous fat or LBM, but rather preferential loss of abdominal fat (P < 0.05). Most notably, mesenteric fat was reduced equivalently in young and old rats after 6 weeks of caloric restriction ( approximately decrease 53%; P = 0.537). Despite similar visceral fat loss, S(I) improved less in old ( increase 32.76 +/- 9.80%) than in young ( increase 82.91 +/- 12.66%) rats versus week 0. In addition, there was significantly more reversal of fat accumulation in the liver in young (% reduction: 89 +/- 2) versus old (64 +/- 5) rats (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, in young rats, S(I) changed much more rapidly for a given change in mesenteric fat versus other abdominal depots (slope = 0.53 vs. < or =0.27 kg/min/mg per % fat). CONCLUSIONS Improved S(I) during caloric restriction correlated with a preferential abdominal fat loss. This improvement was refractory in older animals, likely because of slower liberation of hepatic lipid. Furthermore, mesenteric fat was a better predictor of S(I) than other abdominal depots in young but not old rats. These results suggest a singular role for mesenteric fat to determine insulin resistance. This role may be related to delivery of lipid to liver, and associated accumulation of liver fat.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Karyn J. Catalano

  • Darko Stefanovski

  • Richard N. Bergman

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free