Critical Roles of a Dendritic Cell Subset Expressing a Chemokine Receptor, XCR1

  • Yamazaki C
  • Sugiyama M
  • Ohta T
 et al. 
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Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) consist of various subsets that play crucial roles in linking innate and adaptive immunity. In the murine spleen, CD8α(+) DCs exhibit a propensity to ingest dying/dead cells, produce proinflammatory cytokines, and cross-present Ags to generate CD8(+) T cell responses. To track and ablate CD8α(+) DCs in vivo, we generated XCR1-venus and XCR1-DTRvenus mice, in which genes for a fluorescent protein, venus, and a fusion protein consisting of diphtheria toxin receptor and venus were knocked into the gene locus of a chemokine receptor, XCR1, which is highly expressed in CD8α(+) DCs. In both mice, venus(+) cells were detected in the majority of CD8α(+) DCs, but they were not detected in any other cells, including splenic macrophages. Venus(+)CD8α(+) DCs were superior to venus(-)CD8α(+) DCs with regard to their cytokine-producing ability in response to TLR stimuli. In other tissues, venus(+) cells were found primarily in lymph node (LN)-resident CD8α(+), LN migratory and peripheral CD103(+) DCs, which are closely related to splenic CD8α(+) DCs, although some thymic CD8α(-)CD11b(-) and LN CD103(-)CD11b(-) DCs were also venus(+). In response to dsRNAs, diphtheria toxin-treated XCR1-DTR mice showed impaired CD8(+) T cell responses, with retained cytokine and augmented CD4(+) T cell responses. Furthermore, Listeria monocytogenes infection and anti-L. monocytogenes CD8(+) T cell responses were defective in diphtheria toxin-treated XCR1-DTRvenus mice. Thus, XCR1-expressing DCs were required for dsRNA- or bacteria-induced CD8(+) T cell responses. XCR1-venus and XCR1-DTRvenus mice should be useful for elucidating the functions and behavior of XCR1-expressing DCs, including CD8α(+) and CD103(+) DCs, in lymphoid and peripheral tissues.

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Authors

  • C. Yamazaki

  • M. Sugiyama

  • T. Ohta

  • H. Hemmi

  • E. Hamada

  • I. Sasaki

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