Cross-Cultural Patterns of Attachment: A Meta-Analysis of the Strange Situation

  • van IJzendoorn M
  • Kroonenberg P
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VANIJ ZENDOORNM, ARINUHs ., and KROONENBERPGI, ETERM . Cross-culturalP atterns of Attachment: A Meta-Analysiso f the Strange Situation. CHILDD EVELOPME1N9T8,8 , 59, 147-156. Crossculturalr esearchu sing Ainsworth'sS trangeS ituationt ends to rely on incomplete informationa nd to concentrate on individual rather than aggregated samples. In this study, a wider perspective is taken by examining almost 2,000 Strange Situation classifications obtained in 8 different countries. Differences and similarities between distributions in classifications of samples are investigated using correspondence analysis. Aggregation of samples per country and continent allowed for a firmer empiricalb asis for cross-culturaal nalysis. Substantiali ntraculturadl ifferencesw ere established;i n a number of instances, samples from 1 country resembled those in other countries more than they did each other. The data also suggest a pattern of cross-culturald ifferences, in which A classifications emerge as relatively more prevalent in Western European countries and C classifications as relatively more frequent in Israel and Japan. Intraculturalv ariation was nearly 1.5 times the crosscultural variation.

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  • Marinus H. van IJzendoorn

  • Pieter M. Kroonenberg

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