Crowd Sourcing and Prediction Markets

  • Hankins R
  • Lee A
  • 19

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) is a devastating human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)-related lymphoproliferative disorder that occurs in immunocompromised persons. To determine the role of immune responses in MCD, we studied the frequency, antigenic repertoire, differentiation, and functional profile of HHV-8-specific CD8(+) T cells in MCD patients and in human immunodeficiency virus-coinfected asymptomatic HHV-8 carriers (AC). Screening CD8(+) T-cell responses with ELISpot interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) assays using 56 peptides on 6 latent and lytic HHV-8 proteins showed that MCD and AC patients had responses of similar magnitude and antigenic repertoire and identified a new 10-mer human leukocyte antigen B7 CD8 epitope in K15. Intracellular IFN-gamma staining showed significantly more CD45RA(-)CCR7(-)CD27(-) CD8(+)IFN-gamma(+) cells (late phenotype) and significantly fewer CCR7(-)CD27(+)CD45RA(-) cells (early and intermediate phenotype) in MCD than in AC patients. This phenotypic shift was not found for Epstein-Barr virus-specific CD8(+) T cells tested as controls. HHV-8 viral loads were negatively correlated with early and intermediate effector memory cells. HHV-8-specific T cells were polyfunctional (secretion of IFN-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, macrophage inflammatory protein-1beta, and/or CD107a) in both MCD and AC patients. In conclusion, MCD is not associated with a lack of HHV-8-specific CD8(+) T cells or limitation of their functional profile. Their differentiation increases with HHV-8 viral load. These results offer new insight into the pathophysiology of MCD.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Richard A Hankins

  • Alison Lee

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free