Crystal structures of nucleotide-free and glutathione-bound mitochondrial ABC transporter Atm1

  • Srinivasan V
  • Pierik A
  • Lill R
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Abstract

The yeast mitochondrial ABC transporter Atm1, in concert with glutathione, functions in the export of a substrate required for cytosolic-nuclear iron-sulfur protein biogenesis and cellular iron regulation. Defects in the human ortholog ABCB7 cause the sideroblastic anemia XLSA/A. Here, we report the crystal structures of free and glutathione-bound Atm1 in inward-facing, open conformations at 3.06- and 3.38-angstrom resolution, respectively. The glutathione binding site includes a residue mutated in XLSA/A and is located close to the inner membrane surface in a large cavity. The two nucleotide-free adenosine 5'-triphosphate binding domains do not interact yet are kept in close vicinity through tight interaction of the two C-terminal alpha-helices of the Atm1 dimer. The resulting protein stabilization may be a common structural feature of all ABC exporters.

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Authors

  • Vasundara Srinivasan

  • Antonio J. Pierik

  • Roland Lill

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