Culture and Class Influences on Anglo and Puerto Rican Mothers' Beliefs Regarding Long-Term Socialization Goals and Child Behavior

  • Harwood R
  • Schoelmerich A
  • Ventura-Cook E
 et al. 
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Abstract

These 2 studies examine culture and socioeconomic status as simultaneous possible sources for group differences in mothers' beliefs regarding desirable and undesirable long-term socialization goals and child behavior. In Study 1, 100 mothers of young toddlers aged 12-24 months from 5 sociocultural groups participated: middle- and lower-class Anglo, middle- and lower-class island Puerto Rican, and lower-class migrant Puerto Rican. Results indicate that culture and socioeconomic status contribute independently to group differences, but that cultural effects appear to be stronger. Study 2 examined cultural differences in perceptions of behaviors using middle-class Anglo and Puerto Rican mothers only. The findings support those of Study 1, suggesting that Anglo and Puerto Rican mothers place differential value on the constructs of Self-Maximization and Proper Demeanor, even vs^hen socioeconomic status is controlled for. The findings of these studies have important implications for the culturally sensitive study of the relation betvi'een parental beliefs and behaviors. The

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Authors

  • Robin L. Harwood

  • Axel Schoelmerich

  • Elizabeth Ventura-Cook

  • Pamela A. Schulze

  • Stephanie P. Wilson

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