The article discusses policy design and how the problem definition and policy evaluation phases relate to design. Public administrators often do policy analysis. Elected executives and legislators sometimes call upon administrators who head agencies to offer advice about policies related to the programs they administer. Policy analysis seems to divide logically into three distinct phases: problem definition, policy design, and policy evaluation. The division, however, implies a sequencing of steps that neither fits actual practice nor prescribes how to do good analysis. simplest policy issues, the sequence of problem definition, policy design, and policy evaluation can only be one iteration of a process that repeatedly refines the problem definition in light of considered designs and their predicted consequences. In recent years, policy design has begun to receive considerable attention. Efforts have been made to identify and characterize the generic tools of government that can be used as the basic elements for crafting policies.
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