CYP2C9, CYP2C19, ABCB1 (MDR1) genetic polymorphisms and phenytoin metabolism in a Black Beninese population

  • Allabi A
  • Gala J
  • Horsmans Y
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The genetically polymorphic cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) metabolizes many important drugs. Among them, phenytoin has been used as a probe to determine CYP2C9 phenotype by measuring the urinary excretion of its major metabolite, S-enantiomer of 5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenylhydantoin (p-HPPH). Phenytoin pharmacokinetic is also dependent on the activity of CYP2C19 and p-glycoprotein (ABCB1). To determine the influence of CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and ABCB1 genetic polymorphisms on phenytoin metabolism in a Black population, 109 healthy Beninese subjects received a single 300 mg oral dose of phenytoin. Blood was drawn 4 h after drug intake and urine was collected during the first 8 h. Plasma phenytoin and urine S- and R-enantiomers of p-HPPH were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Urinary excretion of (S)-p-HPPH [defined as urinary volumex(S)-p-HPPH urinary concentration] and PMR (defined as the ratio of p-HPPH in urine to 4 h phenytoin plasma concentration), both markers of CYP2C9 activity, were used to determine the functional relevance of new variants of CYP2C9 (*5, *6, *8, *9 and *11) in this population. Plasma phenytoin concentration was significantly associated with ABCB1 haplotype/genotype (P=0.05, Kruskal-Wallis test) and levels increased significantly in the genotype order: wild-type, T3421A and Block-2 genotypes (P=0.015, Jonckheere-Terpstra test). Urinary excretion of (S)-p-HPPH and PMR were significantly associated with the CYP2C9 genotype (P=0.001, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and P

Author-supplied keywords

  • ABCB1
  • Beninese population
  • CYP2C19
  • CYP2C9*11
  • CYP2C9*5
  • CYP2C9*6
  • CYP2C9*8
  • CYP2C9*9
  • Genotyping
  • Metabolism
  • Phenotyping
  • Phenytoin

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  • Aurel C. Allabi

  • Jean Luc Gala

  • Yves Horsmans

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