Damage and ablation thresholds of fused-silica in femtosecond regime

  • Chimier B
  • Utéza O
  • Sanner N
 et al. 
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Abstract

We present an experimental and numerical study of the damage and ablation thresholds at the surface of a dielectric material, e.g., fused silica, using short pulses ranging from 7 to 300 fs. The relevant numerical criteria of damage and ablation thresholds are proposed consistently with experimental observations of the laser irradiated zone. These criteria are based on lattice thermal melting and electronic cohesion temperature, respectively. The importance of the three major absorption channels (multi-photon absorption, tunnel effect, and impact ionization) is investigated as a function of pulse duration (7–300 fs). Although the relative importance of the impact ionization process increases with the pulse duration, our results show that it plays a role even at short pulse duration (

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Authors

  • Marc SentisAMU- CNRS - LP3 Laboratory

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  • B. Chimier

  • O. Utéza

  • N. Sanner

  • T. Itina

  • P. Lassonde

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