Dart-throwing motion in patients with scapholunate instability: A dynamic four-dimensional computed tomography study

  • Garcia-Elias M
  • Alomar Serrallach X
  • Monill Serra J
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Abstract

When the normal wrist rotates along the 'dart-throwing' plane, the proximal row remains still, with most motion occurring at the midcarpal joint. Whether this behaviour is maintained when the scapholunate ligaments are torn is not known. If this is the case, patients having a scapholunate ligament repair could benefit from early dart-throwing exercises without the risk of pulling the sutures apart. Using dynamic computer tomography, we analysed the carpal behaviour of six normal wrists and six wrists with scapholunate instability during dart-throwing motion. In the normal wrists, the scaphoid and lunate did not flex or extend, but translated along the frontal plane an average 5.9 and 5.6 mm, respectively. When the scapholunate ligaments were torn, the scaphoid shifted towards the radial styloid considerably more than the lunate (12.8 mm versus 4.8 mm; p = 0.005), inducing a scapholunate gap. Based on these findings, we cannot recommend dart-throwing exercises after scapholunate ligament repair, unless the joint is stabilized with wires or screws.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Carpal kinematics
  • computed tomography
  • dart-throwing motion
  • scapholunate ligaments
  • wrist instability

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Authors

  • M. Garcia-Elias

  • X. Alomar Serrallach

  • J. Monill Serra

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