Debating Issues of Equifinality in Ungulate Skeletal Part Studies

  • Munro N
  • Bar-Oz G
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This paper introduces a collection of 11 papers originally presented in a symposium held at the 2004 meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The papers debate and propose solutions for multiple aspects of equifinality in ungulate skeletal part studies and focus on four primary themes: (1) theoretical issues of equifinality; (2) methods for generating skeletal part frequencies; (3) the tools for analyzing skeletal part frequencies; and (4) attritional biases caused by natural and cultural taphonomic agents. Although debate continues over the methods used to quantify and analyze ungulate skeletal parts, most participants agree on the need for detailed publication of raw bone portion counts and bone portion coding and quantification methods.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Equifinality
  • Skeletal part studies
  • Taphonomy

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  • Natalie D. Munro

  • Guy Bar-Oz

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