Agricultural intensification, greatly accelerated as a re -sult of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), has led to drastic reductions in the populations of many wild plant and animal species that used to be characteris -tic of farmland. In 1992, the EU provided the member states with its Agri-environment Regulation 2078/92 to help member states reverse these developments by means of agri-environment schemes. The question is: will the implementation of these schemes be sufficient to restore the biological diversity on farmland? Most stud -ies that have examined the effectiveness of agri-environ -ment schemes have focussed on farmland birds in Great Britain and The Netherlands. So far, the positive effects appear to be limited. Continuous evaluation and adapta -tion of these schemes is needed to enable the biodiver -sity on farmland to recover from the EUʼs former policy.
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