GaN technology is still based on highly mismatched heteroepitaxial growth on foreign substrates, and therefore needs to overcome a high defect density and a high level of stress in the epitaxial layers. Various attempts have been made to reduce the defects and stress in thick GaN layers. We here report a reduction of the defect density in thick GaN layers grown by hydride vapour phase epitaxy, using regrowth on free-standing GaN films, as well as introducing an AlN buffer and AlN interlayer in the growth sequence. Special focus is put on the optical properties of the material.
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