Degradation of target coverage due to inter-fraction motion during intensity-modulated proton therapy of prostate and elective targets

  • Thörnqvist S
  • Muren L
  • Bentzen L
 et al. 
  • 33


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 20


    Citations of this article.


UNLABELLED: Internal target and organ motion during treatment is a challenge in radiotherapy (RT) of the prostate and the involved elective targets, with residual motion being present also following image-guidance strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate organ motion-induced dose degradations for the prostate, seminal vesicle and the pelvic lymph node when treating these targets with proton therapy, using different image-guidance and delivery strategies.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four patients were selected from a larger series as they displayed large inter-fractional variation in bladder and rectum volume. Intensity-modulated proton therapy plans were generated using both simultaneous integrated and sequential boost delivery. For each technique, three isotropic margin expansions (in the range of 4-10 mm) were evaluated for the clinical target volume of prostate (CTV-p), seminal vesicles (CTV-sv) and lymph nodes (CTV-ln). Simulation of the dose degradations for all treatment plans were based on dose re-calculations for the 8-9 repeat CTs available for each patient, after applying rigid registrations to reproduce set-up based on either intra-prostatic fiducials or bony anatomy.

RESULTS: The simulated dose received by 99% of the target volume (D(99)) and generalized equivalent dose (gEUD) showed substantial inter-patient variations. For 40% of the investigated scenarios, the patient average simulated D(99) for all targets were within 2 GyE from the planned dose. The largest difference between simulated and planned dose was seen for the CTV-sv when using SIB delivery, with an average relative reduction in D(99) of 13% and 15% for the largest margin expansion, when positioned using fiducials and bony anatomy, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The most severe dose degradations were found for CTV-sv, but they were also evident for CTV-ln. The degradations could not be completely resolved, neither by using the largest margin expansion nor with the choice of set-up. With fiducial set-up CTV-p was robust against the inter-fraction changes.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free