Demand and proximity: Drivers of illegal forest resource extraction

  • MacKenzie C
  • Hartter J
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Illegal extraction from protected areas is often shaped by the
surrounding socio-economic landscape. We coupled village-scale
socio-economic parameters collected using household surveys with
measured levels of illegal resource extraction proximate to study
villages to investigate the socio-economic drivers of illegal extraction
from Kibale National Park, Uganda. The level of illegal tree harvesting
and the number of illegal entry trails into the Park were driven by
subsistence demand from villages adjacent to the Park and by for-profit
extraction to supply local urban markets, whereas grazing in the Park
was linked to high livestock ownership. Capital asset wealth, excluding
livestock, was found to mitigate illegal resource extraction from the
Park. We also found high human population density to coincide spatially
with park-based tourism, research and carbon sequestration employment
opportunities. Conservation strategies should be integrated with
national policy to meet the needs of local communities and to manage
urban demand to reduce illegal extraction from protected areas.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Degradation
  • Kibale National Park
  • Uganda
  • fuelwood
  • population density
  • protected area
  • tropical forest

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  • Catrina A. MacKenzie

  • Joel Hartter

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