Depression, anxiety and somatization in women with war missing family members.

  • Baraković D
  • Avdibegović E
  • Sinanović O
  • 5

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: During the war circumstances, women and children are exposed to multiple traumatic experiences, one of which is an violent disappearance of a family member.

GOAL: The aim of this research was to establish the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety and somatization in women in Bosnia and Herzegovina who have sought their war missing family members for 15 to 18 years.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The research was based on a sample of 120 women with war missing family member and 40 women without a war missing family member as a control group. For assessment of depression, anxiety and symptoms of somatization the self-rating Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Somatic Symptoms Index (SSI) questionnaire and a general questionnaire on the sociodemographic data and data on war missing family members were used.

RESULTS: A significantly higher intensity of symptoms of depression (p
CONCLUSION: A prolonged period of seeking, waiting and uncertainty of what happened in the war with the missing family member presents for those women a prolonged suffering manifested through depression, anxiety and symptoms of somatization.

Author-supplied keywords

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • disappearance
  • somatization
  • women

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Authors

  • Devla Baraković

  • Esmina Avdibegović

  • Osman Sinanović

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