Derivation of human induced pluripotent stem cells from patients with maturity onset diabetes of the young

  • Teo A
  • Windmueller R
  • Johansson B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is an autosomal dominant disease. Despite extensive research, the mechanism by which a mutant MODY gene results in monogenic diabetes is not yet clear due to the inaccessibility of patient samples. Induced pluripotency and directed differentiation toward the pancreatic lineage are now viable and attractive methods to uncover the molecular mechanisms underlying MODY. Here we report, for the first time, the derivation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from patients with five types of MODY: MODY1 (HNF4A), MODY2 (GCK), MODY3 (HNF1A), MODY5 (HNF1B), and MODY8 (CEL) with a polycistronic lentiviral vector expressing a Cre-excisable human "stem cell cassette" containing the four reprogramming factors OCT4, KLF4, SOX2, and CMYC. These MODY-hiPSCs morphologically resemble human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), express pluripotency markers OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, SSEA-4, and TRA-1-60, give rise to derivatives of the three germ layers in a teratoma assay, and are karyotypically normal. Overall, our MODY-hiPSCs serve as invaluable tools to dissect the role of MODY genes in the development of pancreas and islet cells and to evaluate their significance in regulating beta cell function. This knowledge will aid future attempts aimed at deriving functional mature beta cells from hPSCs.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Gene Expression Regulation
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biopsy/methods
  • Cell Culture Techniques/*methods
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*metabolism
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts/cytology
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/*cytology
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells/cytology
  • Islets of Langerhans/cytology
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Genetic
  • Pancreas/metabolism
  • Pedigree
  • Skin/metabolism
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism

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Authors

  • A K Teo

  • R Windmueller

  • B B Johansson

  • E Dirice

  • P R Njolstad

  • E Tjora

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