The Large-spotted Genet complex has long constituted a taxonomic imbroglio. The repeated lack of direct examination of the type material, cou- pled with an apparent morphological homogeneity between taxa and high intraspecific variability of coat pattern, have made assessing the taxonomic sta- tus of forest forms related to the complex very difficult. I re-investigated the question using new species-discriminative discrete characters established by examination of nearly 4400 specimens of Viverrinae, including type material. The species status of Genetta pardina, G. maculata and G. tigrina is confirmed, although precise limits of distribution remain equivocal. Genetta poensis Waterhouse, 1838, is considered a valid species on the basis of morphological characters and new distribution data. A new species restricted to the Upper Guinean Block, Genetta bourloni sp. n., is described. The taxa stuhlmanni, fiel- diana and insularis are considered synonymous with G. maculata, as well as bini with G. cristata, and dubia with G. pardina. The forms genettoides and schoutedeni are morphologically re-defined, but the clarification of their taxo- nomic status requires further investigations.
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