Design strategies in mineralized biological materials

  • Weiner S
  • Addadi L
  • A. A
 et al. 
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Abstract

Organisms have been producing mineralized skeletons for the past
550
million years. They have evolved many different strategies for
improving
these materials at almost all hierarchical levels from
Ångstroms to
millimetres. Key components of biological materials are the
macromolecules, which are intimately involved in controlling
nucleation,
growth, shaping and adapting mechanical properties of the mineral
phase to
function. One interesting tendency that we have noted is that
organisms
have developed several strategies to produce materials that have
more
isotropic properties. Much can still be learned from studying the
principles of structure–function relations of biological
materials.
Some of this information may also provide new ideas for improved
design of
synthetic materials.

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Authors

  • Stephen Weiner

  • Lia Addadi

  • A. Hiltner A.

  • J. J. Cassidy J. J.

  • E. Baer E.

  • S. A. Tyler S. A.

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