Eccentricity-related faults in induction motors have been studied extensively over the last few decades. They can exist in the form of static or dynamic eccentricity or both, in which case it is called a mixed eccentricity fault. These faults cause bearing damage, excessive vibration and noise, unbalanced magnetic pull, and under extreme conditions, stator–rotor rub which may seriously damage the motors. Since eccentricity faults are often associated with large induction machines, the repair or replacement costs arising out of such a scenario may easily run into tens and thousands of dollars. Previous research works have shown that it is extremely difficult to detect such faults if they appear individually, rather than in mixed form, unless the number of rotor bars and the pole-pair number conform to certain relationships. In this paper, it is shown that the terminal voltages of induction machines at switch-off reveal certain features that can lead to the detection of these faults in individual form, even in machines that do not show these signatures in line-current spectrum in steady state, or to the detection of the main contributory factor in case of mixed eccentricity.
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