Detection of Postnatal Depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale

  • Cox J
  • Holden J
  • Sagovsky R
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Abstract

The developmentof a 10-item self-reportscale (EPDS)to screenfor PostnatalDepression in the community is described. After extensive pilot interviews a validation study was carried out on 84 mothers usingthe ResearchDiagnosticCriteria for depressiveillness obtained from Goldberg's StandardisedPsychiatric Interview. The EPDS was found to havesatisfactorysensitivityandspecficity,andwas alsosensitiveto changeinthe severity of depressionover time. The scalecan be completedin about 5 minutesand has a simple in the secondary prevention of Postnatal method of scoring. The use of the EPDS Depressionis discussed.

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Authors

  • J. L. Cox

  • J. M. Holden

  • R. Sagovsky

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