Developing culturally competent researchers

  • Papadopoulos I
  • Lees S
  • 34

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 71

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Whilst we live in multicultural societies most health researchers tend to take the cultural perspective of the majority ethnic group at the expense of the perspective of minority ethnic groups. AIM: This paper discusses the need for the development of culturally competent health researchers in all areas of research and proposes a model for the achievement of this. DESIGN: A snapshot review of research textbooks used in nursing curricula was conducted to identify whether culturally competent research was being promoted. RESULTS: The review found that whilst a few textbooks touched on ethnicity, race and culture, none of them addressed the issue of cultural competence. Subsequently the authors adapted their existing model of culturally competent health care practice, and in this paper they propose it as a model for the development of culturally competent researchers. DISCUSSION: The model put forward by the authors consists of four concepts: cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity and cultural competence. A culturally competent researcher is one who is able to apply the related skills and knowledge in project design, data collection, analysis, report writing and dissemination. Furthermore, the authors identify two layers of cultural competence, those of culture-generic (knowledge and skills that are applicable across ethnic groups) and culture-specific competence (knowledge and skills that relate to a particular ethnic group). The relationship between these two layers is a dynamic and spiralling process as illustrated by the model. CONCLUSION: Current health policy in many developed countries focuses on inequalities of health and managing diversity, including ethnicity. Thus the authors conclude that the development of culturally competent researchers will lead to both valid research and culturally competent practice by health care professionals.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Awareness
  • Back translation
  • Competence
  • Conceptual equivalence
  • Cultural
  • Culture
  • Diversity
  • Essentialism
  • Ethnicity
  • Knowledge
  • Multiethnic
  • Research
  • Sensitivity

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free