The development of entrepreneurship in Chinese communities: An organizational symbiosis perspective

  • Li J
  • Young M
  • Tang G
  • 43


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 16


    Citations of this article.


Why has the rate of entrepreneurship recently gone down in Singapore? Why is entrepreneurship in Southern China (e.g., Guangdong or Fujian provinces) relatively higher than in the rest of China? Why is corruption rampant in some Chinese business communities but virtually nonexistent in others? Although we often speak of "Chinese entrepreneurship" as a monolithic entity, the fact is that there are many variants of Chinese entrepreneurship and these variants continue to rapidly evolve and take on new forms. Yet mainstream management or organizational theories have been at a loss to explain these high rates of variation and evolution. To shed light on these issues, we introduce the idea of symbiosis from biology and adapt it to the development of entrepreneurship in Chinese ethnic communities. Symbiosis is the science of how different organisms coexist with each other in a self-sustaining system. Using this approach, we develop six propositions to explain what types of entrepreneurship are likely to evolve in different Chinese ethnic communities and how this process of evolution is likely to proceed. The implications for researchers and practitioners are discussed.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Chinese management
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Symbiosis

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Ji Li

  • Michael N. Young

  • Guiyao Tang

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free